What PS means and How to use it correctly in your email

What Is the Meaning of PS? PS stands for postscript. It comes from the Latin ‘postscriptum’, which literally means “written after.” A postscript is an additional thought added to letters (and sometimes other documents) that comes after it has been completed. Here’s a tip: People wonder—does the PS come before or after the signature? Since a postscript is an addition that comes after a letter is completed, it should always follow the signature. In the days of handwritten and typed letters, we often found ourselves remembering something we wanted to…

“I have a good news.” – The reason why this sentence in incorrect

  It’s grammatically incorrect and sounds awkward to native English speakers. The word “news” is one of those words that sounds plural (meaning there’s more than one) but is actually singular (there’s only one). It’s called a mass noun and is usually used with a singular verb. In English, most nouns add “-s” or “-es” to the end of the word to make it plural; cat becomes cats, house becomes houses. Sometimes, the entire word changes in the plural: mouse becomes mice, goose becomes geese. Some words can be plural…

How to write essays

The most successful essays are well planned. Essays that go off the point with lots of extra detail will get poor marks. Stick to the question Underline key words in the essay title so you really understand the question being asked. It’s not about writing all you know about a topic. Words like ‘discuss’, ‘compare and contrast’, ‘evaluate’, ‘account for’ are used as ways to direct your answer; make sure you know what they mean. Other questions may start with ‘how’, ‘what’, ‘why’ or ‘when’. Write a plan Brainstorm your…

Write your successful CV

We’ve all probably got a version of a CV under our belts already. However, it’s often really hard to work out what you’re meant to be getting down on this piece of paper that can make the difference between getting a job and not. Here are some of our top tips to make the whole process a lot easier: Spelling and grammar Yes, it’s boring and everyone’s told you this before – but small errors could completely ruin your chances of getting that job. Check, check and check again. Don’t…

British English vs. American English

There is an old saying that America and Britain are “two nations divided by a common language.” No one knows exactly who said this, but it reflects the way many British feel about American English. But are American and British English really so different? Vocabulary The most noticeable difference between American and British English is vocabulary. There are hundreds of everyday words that are different. For example, the British call the front of a car the bonnet, while Americans call it the hood. Americans go on vacation, while British go…

What is the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference)?

The Common European Framework of Reference, or CEFR, represents a guideline used to describe achievement of learners of foreign languages. The guide is applied across Europe and is some other non-European countries such as Columbia, Australia and the Philippines. So let’s see what is so special about this Framework. How it all started? It all started with the ‘Language Learning for European Citizenship’ project between 1989 and 1996 during which a need for a common European framework for languages arouse. This was necessary in order to improve the recognition of…

Commonly confused words in English

Everyone knows the problem with spell-check: your word might be spelt right, but it may be the wrong word. English is full of confusing words that sound alike but are spelt differently. It’s also full of words that share similar (but not identical) meanings that are easy to misuse. Below are some of the most commonly confused and misused words in English: Advice/Advise Advice is a noun: Chester gave Posey good advice. Advise is a verb: Chester advised Posey to avoid the questionable chicken salad. Affect/Effect Affect is a verb:…

Is there an easy language?

Let’s face it: learning a language isn’t easy, and the time and effort involved in becoming proficient in a foreign language can be discouraging. From vocabulary to pronunciation and all those tricky verbs, language learning is a time-consuming and often frustrating process. Luckily for language learners, however, not all languages are equally difficult to learn. It is estimated that there are over 6,500 spoken languages in the world today. While geographic, historic, and cultural events led to many languages developing and evolving to be very different, it also means that some languages…

Grammar in focus

Making grammar meaningful Grammar is the backbone of any language and an integral part of all language learning. It’s about finding patterns in language and using key structures in meaningful situations. It’s about learning how to manipulate a phrase – creating a simple sentence and then a more complex one to say what you want to say. Right from the start, incorporating basic grammar in context gives learners the opportunity to understand how to use the language for their own needs. It doesn’t have to be dull – it can…